Past Simple Tense – Regular and Irregular Verbs: The Life of Miss Johnson (English / ESL Video)

Past Simple Tense – Regular and Irregular Verbs: The Life of Miss Johnson (English / ESL Video)


Synopsis of English / ESL Video

Follow the comical love life of Miss Johnson and give your students a revision on the past simple tense with regular and irregular verbs.


Teachers may also use this story to teach learners vocabulary for relationships and marital statuses. Click the link to watch the vocabulary: relationships and marital statuses video: http://oomongzu.com/pre-intermediate/relationships-marital-statuses/

Title of English / ESL Video

The Life of Miss Johnson

Target English Grammar

Past Simple Tense (also known as the simple past tense) – regular verbs, irregular verbs, past simple be – was/were.

Student Proficiency Level

Pre-Intermediate level

Suggested Courses

General English

Instructions

– Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).

Summary of English Grammar: Past Simple Tense – Regular and Irregular Verbs and Was/Were

Approximate chronological order:

Story

– Starts: 0:00
– Ends: 2:16

Grammar Rules and Explanation:

– Starts: 2:16
– Ends: 8:17

Regular Verbs

For most regular verbs, we add +ed.
Example: walk – walked
Example sentence: Miss Johnson walked to the park for a stroll.

Verbs ending with -e

For verbs ending with -e, we add +d.
Example: die – died
Example sentence: She was hit by a truck and died.
NOTE:
die, died > verbs
dead > adjective

Verbs ending with consonant + y

For verbs ending with consonant + y, we delete -y, and add +ied.
Example: marry – married
Example sentence: Miss Moore married Dave.
NOTE: Married in this sentence is a verb.
They fell in love and got married.
Married in this sentence, however, is not a verb. It’s actually an adjective. Got is the main verb.

Verbs ending vowel + y

For verbs ending with vowel + y, we don’t delete -y, we just add +ed.
Example: stay – stayed
Example sentence: They stayed at a romantic 1 star hotel.

Verbs ending with vowel, consonant and vowel

For verbs ending with vowel, consonant and vowel, we double the consonant and add +ed.
Example: travel – travelled
Example sentence: They travelled overseas.
NOTE: In American English, the past simple tense of travel is traveled, spelt with one l. So American English often doesn’t follow this rule.
Even in other types of English, this rule isn’t always followed.
Example: visit – visited.
Example sentence: They visited many beautiful places.

Irregular Verbs

For irregular verbs, there are no rules, so we just have to remember them all.
Examples:
go – went
meet – met
fall – fell
have – had
break – broke
see – saw
get – got
give – gave
Example sentence: One day, Miss Johnson went shopping at the supermarket and met Mr. Smith.

Past Simple – be: was/were

am – was
is – was
are – were
Example sentence: Miss Johnson was on the bus.

Grammar Form / Structure

Affirmative and Negative Sentence Form

To change positive past simple tense sentences into the negative, we add didn’t in front of the main verb and change the main verb into the base form.
Did is the past tense of do. We don’t put two past simple verbs in the same past simple clause, so this is why we need to change the main verb into the base form.
Example: went – didn’t go
NOT: didn’t went
Example sentence:
Miss Johnson went shopping at the supermarket.
Miss Johnson didn’t go shopping at the supermarket.

Affirmative and Negative Sentence Form: Past Simple be – was/were

was – wasn’t
were – weren’t
Wasn’t is the contraction of was not.
Weren’t is the contraction of were not.
Example sentence:
Mr. Jones was very sad.
Mr. Jones wasn’t very sad.

*** English / ESL Video: No Music Version ***

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