Comparatives & Superlatives: Discover East Asia (English / ESL Video)

Comparatives & Superlatives: Discover East Asia (English / ESL Video)


Synopsis of English / ESL Video

Join us on a magical journey & discover East Asia’s hidden treasures. (Comparatives and superlatives: adjectives & adverbs at pre-intermediate level.)


Title of English / ESL Video

Discover East Asia

Target English Grammar

Comparatives and Superlatives:
– Regular adjectives.
– Irregular adjectives.
– Regular adverbs.
– Irregular adverbs.

Student Proficiency Level

Pre-intermediate level grammar

Suggested Courses

General English and English for Hotel and Tourism.

Instructions

– Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).

Summary of English Grammar: Comparatives and Superlatives

Approximate chronological order:

Adjectives:

Comparative Adjectives:

– To compare two things or people.
– comparative adjective + than.

Superlative Adjectives:

– To say which is the most ________ in a group.
– the + superlative adjective.

Changing some two-syllable adjectives or adjectives with more than two syllables:

– Comparative adjectives: more/less + adjective (+ than).
– “than” is optional when it is obvious what the sentence is comparing.
– Example 1: Japan is less colourful in the winter than in the spring.
– Example 2: The Shwedagon Pagoda is more majestic at night.
– Superlative adjectives: the most/least + adjective.
– Example 1: Siem Reap has the most awe-inspiring temples in Cambodia.
– Example 2: Laos is probably the least touristy country in South East Asia.

Making Comparisons with Nouns:

– more/less (+ than): uncountable nouns.
– more/fewer (+than): countable nouns.
– Example 1: Philippines has less rain in the high season, but more rain in the low season.
– Example 2: Philippines has more tourists in the high season, but fewer tourists in the low season.
– We can use less for countable nouns in informal language: …but less tourists in the low season.

Adverbs:

Regular Adverbs:

– Comparative adverbs: more/less adverb (+ than): quickly – more/less quickly; carefully – more/less carefully.
– Superlative adverbs: the most/least + adverb: quickly – the most/least quickly; carefully – the most/least carefully.
– Example 1: People walk less quickly in Bangkok than anywhere else in Thailand. People walk the least quickly in Bangkok.
– Example 2: Drivers drive more quickly in the rain. Drivers drive the most carefully in the rain.
– Elicitation from learners.

Irregular Adverbs:

– Comparative adverbs: For example, hard – harder; well – better, badly – worse.
– Superlative adverbs: For example, hard – hardest; well – best, badly – worst.
– Example: People work harder in summer. People work the hardest in summer.

Additional Information:

– Superlative + Present Perfect:
– Example 1: China has the grandest ice sculptures I‘ve ever seen.
– Example 2: Seoul is the most alluring city we‘ve ever been to.
– the + Superlative or Possessive + Superlative:
– Example 1: Taipei 101 is Taiwan’s most iconic landmark.
– Example 2: Taipei 101 is their most iconic landmark.

Other Comparative Phrases:

– (not) + as + adjective / adverb + as.
– Example 1: Bali is as famous as Jakarta.
– Example 2: Motorcyclists in Saigon don’t ride as quickly as motorcyclists in other cities.
– just + (not) + as + adjective / adverb + as: For emphasizing that the two things or people are equal or not equal.
– Example: The mosques in Brunei are just as breathtaking as the ones in Malaysia.
– just + (not) + as + adjective / adverb: Shortened form.
– Example: The food at five star restaurants in Singapore are delicious, but the street food is just as mouth-watering.

After “than” or “as” we can use:

– Object pronouns (me, him, her, etc.)
– Example 1: He’s shorter than me.
– Example 2: He isn’t as tall as me.
– Subject pronouns (I, he, she, etc.) + auxiliary verb.
– Example 1: He’s shorter than I am.
– Example 2: He isn’t as tall as I am.
– These are incorrect:
He’s shorter than I.
He isn’t as tall as I.


*** English / ESL Video: No Music Version ***

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