Definite Article & Indefinite Articles – a an the: Amazing World Facts (English / ESL Video)

Indefinite Articles & Definite Article – a an the: Amazing World Facts (English / ESL Video)

Synopsis of English / ESL Video

Liven the classroom & teach definite article & indefinite articles (a, an, the) with some amazing world facts. (Intermediate level)

Title of English ESL Video

Amazing World Facts

Target Grammar

English Articles (Grammar):
– Definite article.
– Indefinite articles.
– a, an, the.
– Zero article / no article.

Students’ Proficiency Level

Intermediate level grammar

Suggested Courses

General English and English for Hotel and Tourism.


– Play the video in class after delivering a warm-up activity first.
– Pause the video whenever the narrator asks students a question to give students time to answer. For example, after elicitations and concept checking questions (CCQs).

Summary of English Grammar: Definite Article and Indefinite Articles – a, an, the

Approximate chronological order:

We use indefinite articles (a, an):

– for singular countable nouns.
– the first time you talk about a person or thing: An assassin bug kills other insects and wears their dead bodies as armour.
– when you say what a person or a thing is: This is an assassin bug.
– when you say what a person does. For example, their profession or their hobby: She’s a banzai skydiver.
– in exclamations with “what”: What an exciting sport!
– when we don’t know which one something is, when something is not specific, or when something is one of many: A can of diet coke floats in water, but a can of regular coke sinks.
– with some fixed phrases: once a week, 60km an hour, a few, a couple. E.g. Eating a few pieces of dark chocolate a day can be good for your body.

We use the definite article (the):

– when we talk about something we mentioned earlier: There is a swing in Ecuador. The swing has no safety measures and hangs from an old treehouse.
– when something is unique and there’s only one of it: The Hawaiian alphabet has only 12 letters.
– when the person or thing you’re referring to is clear and obvious: In Australia only 2% of the population lives within the yellow area.
– for job titles that only one person can have: Jose Mujica was the President of Uruguay.
– with superlatives: He was also the poorest President in the world.
– with some fixed phrases: at the top, on the right, in the south, in the east, at the beginning, at the end, in the centre, in the middle, on the coast, on the border, in the world, the next, the other. E.g. There is an underwater waterfall on the coast of Mauritius. It’s located in the south of the island.

We don’t use articles:

– when we’re talking about things in general: Dolphins can only sleep with half their brain. Compare this with:
A dolphin can only sleep with half its brain.
The dolphins in the Amazon River are pink.
– with some nouns: at home, at work, at school, at university, at church, in bed, in hospital, in prison, on holiday (after prepositions such as “at”, “in”, “on”, “to”, “from”.) E.g:
– Norway allows students from around the world to study at any public university in their country for free.
– This is the world’s most annoying alarm clock. If you don’t get out of bed in time, it runs away and hides from you.
– before meals: You should never skip breakfast. It’s the most important meal of the day.

Time phrases – the:

– parts of the day: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening.
– dates: May the 4th is the international Star Wars day.
– decades.
– centuries: The 20th Century is actually the 1900s. So right now we’re in the 21st Century.

Time phrases – zero article / no article:

– parts of the day: at night, at lunchtime.
– days.
– months.
– seasons.
– years.
– Example 1: In Russia, winter starts in December and ends in February.
– Example 2: In the winter, the average temperature is lower than -50 degrees Celsius.
– before: next/last + day/week, etc.
– Example 1: I saw David last Saturday.
– Example 2: I’ll see you next week.
– Example 3: It’s the last day of school. (We use the here, because we’re talking about the last or final one.)

Summary table

*** English / ESL Video: No Music Version ***


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